Reforestation against climate change in Brazil

The current Paris Climate Agreement, was created in 1997 with the Kyoto Protocol, to which a total of 141 countries had agreed by 2005.  As part of the first commitment period (2008 - 2021), there was sometimes the option to count land use changes, from and towards forests and forest management, towards national emission reductions.
Newly planted forests are more efficient in terms of CO2 sequestration than existing native forests. The younger the plant, the greater its capacity to absorb carbon, due to the increased energy required for growth. The carbon accumulates in the wood over the years, and at the same time the carbon stock in the soil is increased.
The largest proportion in Soledade is eucalyptus, and the good climatic conditions, which positively influence its rapid growth, also contribute to faster decomposition of the deposited residues and soil organic matter as part of humification.

The Brazilian forest scientist Aline Daiane Gauer, in her study evaluated and determined the sequestered carbon storage with eucalyptus and araucaria between 2009 and 2019, following relevant literature on biomass production and carbon storage in southern regions of Brazil.

Within ten years, the area of over 200 ha of land, sequestered a total of about 33,000 tons of CO2. With a share of about 140 ha, the new plantations have contributed for about 60% of the carbon sequestration, the rest comes from the stock of virgin forest and the conservation areas required by law. Within the next forty years, new planting is additionally expected to average about 12.5 tons per hectare of carbon sequestered annually. 

"In Germany, each inhabitant:in currently produces an average of 7.9 tons of CO2 per year; accordingly, we have already compensated for the ecological footprint of more than 4,100 people," said Heike Kröger, Mara Rockenbach and Ubbo de Witt, shareholders of Waldprojekt. "In Brazil, the CO2 emissions per capita are 2.1 tons per year, so we are offsetting the emissions of over 15,700 people here in mathematical terms." 

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